This is my confession on Sin and the sinner qua sinner

I believe that sin is any disobedience to God.[1] This goes beyond actions alone, but includes thoughts that are out of line with God’s will, and also doing any action with the wrong motive.[2] A thought, desire, or action is sinful when God’s glory is not the central focus.[3] Our violence against humans and God’s good creation is also sin, for it is an affront to God who created man and woman in his image, and created the world and that is in it.[4]

I believe that sin and death can be historically traced to the Garden of Eden when Adam and Eve willingly partook from the forbidden tree.[5] From that time onward all human became sinful, by guilt and consequent actions and is worthy of judgment.[6] Satan derived pleasure from the first sin, and still derives pleasure from seeing our sins. As we sin, we sin declare Satan to be the prince of this world, recognizing his role which he took when Adam and Eve forsook God’s command.[7]

I believe we all fall prey to their same choice of willful sin and sinful nature. The mind is sinful; the will is sinful; and the body itself is broken and deteriorating due to sin.[8] Humanity still contains a dim glimmer of the image of God, but this reality is obscured by how we consistently dash our honor against the stones of genocide, adultery, pride, and idolatry.[9] Humans are infected with sin in their entirety.[10] Worst of all, sin is publically displayed and used for a perverted sense of pleasure.[11] We willfully stay in our state of sin, and even if we desired to be set free from this bondage, we are incapable of doing so ourselves.[12] We now stand before him as a rebellious race who seeks rather to serve the self, or Satan, rather than the One who can save.[13]

I believe that death and all forms of destruction, chaos, pain, and acts of terrorism are due to the existence of sin. Because of the historical Fall this world experiences droughts, natural disasters, diseases, and all other ecological disasters.[14] It is also because of sin that we as humans enjoy destroying the very environment which we were meant to maintain and preserve.

I believe that sin is a common experience which cannot be avoided in this current world.[15] But this does not make sin normal. Sin is heinous, illogical, destructive, and gives only fleeting pleasure.[16] But this is a false pleasure; we truly have no joy in sin, for sin is destruction. Instead of living in sin, our response to sin should be both stress and distress.[17] Sin shows us our need for a Savior, and it causes all creation to groan awaiting the Lord’s second coming.[18]


[1] Num. 14:41-42; Isa. 1:2; Ez. 2:2; Lk. 1:17; Eph. 2:2; 1 Pet. 3:19, 20; Westminster Confession 6.6; Luther’s Small Catechism, Question 83; A Declaration of Faith of the Presbyterian Church (USA), 2.6.

[2] Isa. 58:4; Jer. 14:12; Amos 5:21-24; Mt. 6:5; 16; Ro. 14:22, 23; Js. 4:3, 17; Luther’s Small Catechism, Question 78; A Declaration of Faith of the Presbyterian Church (USA), 2.6.

[3] Ex. 20:3; Lev. 19:15; Isa. 21:3; Amos 5:21-24; Mt. 6:5; 16; Mk. 12:30; Ro. 14:22, 23; Js. 17; Catechism of the Catholic Church, 3.1.1.8.2. 1850.

[4]Gen. 9:4-5; Jonah 4:11; Js 3:9; cf. Gen. 1:28; 9:1-3; Mk. 12:30; Our World Belongs to God, 16.

[5] Gen. 3:6-19; Ro. 5:6-19; 1 Cor. 15:21-22; 1 Tim. 2:13; Westminster Confession 6.1-4; New Hampshire Baptist Confession, III; Baptist Faith and Message, III; Belgic Confession of Faith, XIV, XV. It is attributed to the Devil in Luther’s Small Catechism, Question 79; Belgic Confession, 14;  Baptist Confession of Faith, 6.1-3; Our World Belongs to God, 13. The Roman Catholic Church acknowledges an event but does not believe in a necessarily historic Adam and Eve: Catechism of the Catholic Church, 1.2.7.1.390.

[6] Gen. 6:1-7; Ex. 32:10; Hos. 9:15; isa. 1:24; Ro. 5:6-19; 6:23; 1 Cor. 15:21-22; Heb. 2:17; 9:23-26; 2 Pet. 2:4; Articles of Confession, IX; Westminster Confession, 6.3, 6; 7.3; Belgic Confession of Faith, XIV, XV; Belgic Confession, 14, 15; Council of Orange, 2; Baptist Confession of Faith, 2-4.

[7] 1 Chr. 21:1; 2:2; Lk. 22:3, 31; 1 Thes. 2:18; 2 Cor. 11:14; Eph. 2:2; 6:11; 1 Pet. 5:8;  Cf. Gen 3:14-19; Job 1:6,7; 2:1-2.

[8] Gen. 6:5; Jer. 17:9; Mt. 7:3; Ro. 8:7; 1 Cor. 2:14; 15: 42-44; Eph. 2:2; 1 Tim. 4:2;Tit. 1:15;  Js. 4:3; Westminster Confession 6.2, 4,6; Luther’s Small Confession, Question 82; Belgic Confession of Faith, XIV, XV; A Declaration of Faith of the Presbyterian Church (USA), 2.6; Catechism of the Catholic Church, 3.1.1.8.2. 1849; Council of Orange, 22; Baptist Confession of Faith, 3. Lutherans disagree with this: Luther’s Smaller Catechism, Question 107.

[9] Gen. 4:23-24; 9:6, 7; 11: 4-7; Ps. 130:3; Acts 17:29-30; Js. 3:9-10; Baptist Faith and Message, III; A Declaration of Faith of the Presbyterian Church (USA), 2.6; Catechism of the Catholic Church, 3.1.1.8.2. 1849-51; Council of Orange, 15; Baptist Confession of Faith, 4; Our World Belongs to God, 14-16.

[10] Gen. 6:11; 8:21; Pss. 5:9; 14:1, 3; 53:1-3; Prov. 20:6;  Ec. 7:20; Isa. 53:6; 59:7-8;  Jer. 17:9; Ro. 3:23; 5:12; Eph. 2:2,3; Titus 1:15; Articles of Confession, IX; Westminster Confession, 6.2, 4; New Hampshire Baptist Confession, III; Baptist Faith and Message, III; Luther’s Small Confession, Question 82; Belgic Confession of Faith, XIV, XV; Belgic Confession, 14, 15; Council of Orange, 1, 22; Baptist Confession of Faith, 2.

[11] Gen. 4:23-24; 11:4-7; 1 Sam. 2:12-17; 17:22; Ps. 2:1-3; Prov. 2:12-22; Lk. 23:35-37; Jn. 19:1-3; Ro. 1:18-32; 1 Cor. 5:6; Js. 3:10; 2 Pet. 18-22; Jude 13; Rev. 2:20; A Declaration of Faith of the Presbyterian Church (USA), 2.6.

[12] Judges 17:6; 21:5; Jer. 17:9; Ro. 1:18-32; 5:6-8; 1 Cor. 1:18-2:16; Eph. 2:1; Belgic Confession, 14, 15; Council of Orange, 4-7, 13; Our World Belongs to God, 17.

[13] Gen 3:1-7; 4:6-8; Judges 17:6; 21:5; 11:3-4; Ex. 32:1-33:6; Num. 14:1-10; 1 Sam. 8:5-9; 13:1-15; 15:1-33; Ps. 51:4 : Ro. 5:5-8; Eph. 2:1-5; Our World Belongs to God, 14, 15.

[14] Gen. 3:15-19; 6:1-7; cf. Ex. 7:14-12:30; Ro. 5:12; 8:22; 1 Cor. 15:42; cf. 11:6-9; 65:19; A Declaration of Faith of the Presbyterian Church (USA), 2.6; Luther’s Smaller Catechism, Question 107.

[15] Gen. 6:5; 8:21; Pss. 5:9; 14:1, 3; 53:1-3; Prov. 20:6;  Ec. 7:20; Isa. 53:6; 59:7-8;  Jer. 17:9; Ro. 3:23; 5:12; Eph. 2:2,3; Titus 1:15, Js. 3:2; Catechism of the Catholic Church, 3.1.1.8.2. 1849; Council of Orange, 22; Baptist Confession of Faith, 2-4; Luther’s Smaller Catechism, Question 109.

[16] Gen. 3:6-19; 6:1-7; Ex. 32:1-35; Jdg 16:1-31; 19:22-21:25; Pss. 2:1-3; 73:2-28;Prov. 5:3-5, 11, 19-23; 6:9-11; 25-29; 7:21-23; 9:13-18; Jer. 17:9; cf. 2 Sam. 11 and all the consequences seen through the end of the book. Catechism of the Catholic Church, 1.2.7.1.386; Our World Belongs to God, 14.

[17]Ex. 32:19-20; Num. 14:16; Jonah 3:5-9; John. 11:35; Acts 14:14.

[18] Gen. 4:13; Isa. 11:6-8; Luke 16:19-31; Ro. 7:20, 25; 8:18-25; 1 Cor. 15:3-57; Rev. 11:15; 20:1-6; 21:1-8; 22:20b.

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